NEW YORK, July 14 (Reuters) – Oil prices settled lower on Thursday, but pared nearly all losses after falling more than USD 4 earlier in the session as investors focused on the prospect of a large US rate hike later this month that could stem inflation but at the same time hit oil demand.
Brent crude futures for September settled down 47 cents, or 0.5% to USD 99.10 a barrel and finished a third session in a row below USD 100.
US West Texas Intermediate crude for August delivery settled down USD 95.78 a barrel, or 0.5%, down 52 cents.
Both contracts hit lows on Thursday which were below the Feb. 23 close, the day before Russia invaded Ukraine, with Brent reaching its lowest level since Feb. 21.
The US Federal Reserve is seen ramping up its battle with 40-year high inflation with a supersized 100 basis-point rate hike this month after a grim inflation report showed price pressures accelerating. The Fed policy meeting is scheduled for July 26-27.
The Fed rate hike is expected to follow a similar move by the Bank of Canada which surprised the market on Wednesday.
“Moves by the Fed will have an outsized impact on the market as we watch them try to digest new economic data about inflation,” said John Kilduff, partner at Again Capital LLC in New York.
Oil prices have tumbled in the past two weeks on recession concerns despite a drop in crude and refined products exports from Russia amid Western sanctions and supply disruption in Libya.
Investors also flocked to the dollar, often seen as a safe- haven asset. The dollar index hit a 20-year high on Wednesday, which makes oil purchases more expensive for non-US buyers, but retreated somewhat on Thursday.
“Technical indicators are suggesting another round of fresh lows as the US dollar continues to rule in driving oil price direction,” said Jim Ritterbusch, president of Ritterbusch and Associates LLC in Galena, Illinois.
In Europe, signals were also bearish for demand with the European Commission cutting its economic growth forecast and raising the expected inflation rate to 7.6%.
Worries of COVID-19 curbs in multiple Chinese cities to rein in new cases of a highly infectious subvariant have also kept a lid on oil prices.
China’s daily crude oil imports in June sank to their lowest level since July 2018, as refiners anticipated lockdown measures to curb demand, customs data showed on Wednesday.
Data from the US Energy Information Administration also point to slackening demand, with product supplied slumping to 18.7 million barrels per day, the lowest since June 2021. Crude inventories rose, bolstered by another big release from strategic reserves.
US President Joe Biden will on Friday fly to Saudi Arabia, where he will attend a summit of Gulf allies and call for them to pump more oil.
However, spare capacity at the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries is running low, with most of the producers pumping at maximum capacity, and it is unclear how much extra Saudi Arabia can bring into the market quickly.
(Reporting by Laura Sanicola in New York; Additional eporting by Julia Payne in London and Florence Tan in Singapore; Editing by Jason Neely, Matthew Lewis and Diane Craft)